Marcus Aurelius' meditations

What I’ve Learnt from Reading Books & Watching Ted Talks

I recently read Marcus Aurelius’ Meditations and decided to write my own…

  1. You reap what you sow – if you are constantly complaining about people, treating people with contempt and being bad tempered, you will angry, unhappy and low spirited. I don’t believe 100% in karma, but I do think your words, actions & thoughts are all related
  2. Take 100% of responsibility for your actions; it’s rare that you are the victim of circumstance & there’s never a time where you can blame other people for your actions. Attributing all of your problems and flaws to external forces such as bad luck, your wife, parents etc. leads to depression and learned helplessness. e.g. blaming your parents for bad decisions you’ve made.
    Rather than complaining, take ownership, analyse and make sure you make better decisions going forwards.
  3. Thoughts of the self create much suffering:
    e.g. concerns regarding appearance, self worth, importance, how you are perceived etc
    True humility is not thinking less of yourself, it’s thinking of yourself, less. Don’t flatter yourself by thinking people give you a second thought.
  4. Thank people for criticism and use it objectively to improve. Defensiveness is usually a sign of insecurity and is the cause of most arguments
  5. If you are made angry by something or someone, then it has beaten you. Laugh smile and be flexible in mindset. Prisoners of war survived the Nazi concentration camps by having a sense of humour, so don’t allow small problems & trivial insults overcome you smile
  6. Beware of the narrative in your mind. Don’t be ‘in’ your thoughts, observe them. It is okay to have jealous, aggressive thoughts, as long as you don’t speak or act upon them. “Automatic thoughts” are often negative & aggressive, acknowledge them, disassociate from them, and replace with rational, nice thoughts!
  7. Perfectionism is an illness. Strive to improve, not to be perfect or the best.
  8. Be organised – have a ‘To Do list’ in work and at home. This helps you to be mindful, rather than scanning our mind for things you may have forgotten.
  9. You are the average of the 5 people that you spend the most time with. Avoid negative and superficial people. Don’t judge them, they are just on a different path.
  10. Attachment is the cause of all suffering – especially to possessions. Take care of things, but don’t invest emotions in them.

    Ted Enjoys the Simple Things
  11. It’s better to have a small house and disposable income, than a large house and concerns about money. Be aware of the hedonic treadmill.
  12. Buy investments not liabilities. In the book ‘Rich Dad, Poor Dad’ the author describes how poorer people tend to buy ‘liabilities’ that decrease in value like cars, whilst the rich look first to buy assets (things that increase in value) like properties, currencies, gold etc. For both assets and liabilities, make sure you can afford them, e.g. 2 mortgages if you have 1 tenant that moves out of a second property or the rates go up, ensure you can still afford the bills.
  13. Love & care for your family, friends and local community. See Dunbar’s number. Your brain isn’t designed to care about 7 billion people. If you care for the entire world’s population you may begin to suffer from stress and depression.
  14. Never say “I hate people”. Focus on those you love, not those you don’t enjoy the company of. Focus on what is good about people not there 1 or 2 flaws. Don’t judge, everyone starts off as a happy baby and is shaped by their environment (and genes).
  15. Life is all about good experiences, interesting & fun experiences can happen anywhere like work, in a traffic jam, anywhere if you can learn to laugh and have fun. You don’t need to be on an expensive holiday to have a good experience.
  16. Set weekly personal development goals such as reading books, going out of your comfort zone, or building character e.g. Take a cold shower each morning, speak to 2 new people each day
  17. Avoid hate, jealousy and bitterness. Life is just a random cluster of events, full of inconveniences & injustices that must be laughed at.
  18. Everyone needs a hobby & a passion. Ideally one which gets you in ‘flow state’ and builds social connections with ‘nice’ people. Remember to put your family before your passion however…
  19. Be kind, you can make or break someone’s day and people hold grudges for decades – so be nice to everyone
  20. It takes 10,000 hours to become a master, 20 hours to become ‘good’ at something. When learning new skills, learn the basics and then practice, gain feedback, adjust, then practice again, gain feedback, adjust, etc. Don’t read and read about how to do something, you need to practice it
  21. Only hold aggressive opinions about things you have researched completely and deem as highly important. Whilst discussing politics, pretend you are interviewing someone rather than arguing with them
  22. Adverts (& the news) use negativity to sell you things. Don’t buy something because of an advert. It’s like a game to get you to part with your money.
    Beware of social proofing, loss aversion, the law of reciprocity and the power of authority – all used in marketing. Know the difference between ‘wants’ and ‘needs’.cropped-dadblog1.jpg
  23. Business is always mixed with politics, don’t let it bother you. Read The Prince, The 48 Laws of Power and How to Win Friends & Influence People
  24. Popularity is not important
  25. Type A Personality – If you have one – highly competitive and short tempered – don’t make the mistake of expecting everyone else to be a highly motivated Type A like you – the world would be a very stressful and unhappy place if this was the case.
  26. Acceptance is important. Resisting ‘what is’ makes it infinitely worse.
  27. What you criticise represents your own insecurities
  28. You don’t need much money to be happy, but you do need sleep. Aim for ‘fuck you money’ – have enough money to say no to jobs etc you don’t want to do. Things don’t make you happy, other than food & shelter
  29. Cheerfulness is always the best approach to problems and day to day issues.
  30. ‘Start with “why?”’ when trying to motivate and persuade people
  31. Do everything with enthusiasm
  32. Treat repetitive tasks like meditation
  33. Never be afraid to fail. You win or you learn.
  34. Low energy can be mental or physical but normally both
    Address both potential issues with diet & exercise for physical, reading, CBT and meditation for the mental.
    Diet – probiotics, fermented foods, high omega 3, low omega 6, low/no sugar

    Having Low Energy Can be a Mental Health Issue (or a physical issue)
    Image Source

    Exercising Outdoors is Free & Good for Mental Health
  35. All great men and leaders in history preach ‘a mild temper’

    Marcus Aurelius' meditations
    Marcus Aurelius’ first life lesson – be mild tempered
  36. Beware the power of Intermittent Positive Reinforcement. See Skinner’s experiments. Gambling is addictive because of intermittent reinforcement, as is social media
  37. If Ikea made a piece of furniture that 90% of people can’t put together, it’s probably Ikea’s fault, not their customers. By the same token, if you find 90% of people are intolerably stupid or ‘bad’, then the problem likely lies with you and your perception or low frustration tolerance
  38. Flexible people are the happiest – be flexible in terms of plans, set backs etc. Adapt, change & chuckle
  39. Beware of all the cognitive biases – self-serving, confirmation bias, etc. Learn more here.
  40. Be aware of ‘Faulty Thinking’ in CBT – for example, Mental filtering whereby people disregard the positives and focus on the negatives. e.g. when you focus on the one thing that went wrong in a presentation. More info here.
  41. Your happiness is not important – well it is, but when you spend time thinking about it, it becomes more difficult to achieve. Focus on others, make others happy, don’t evaluate your own happiness constantly.
  42. Learn to entertain yourself for free or on a low budget. e.g. hiking, camping. Those who need expensive holidays to be entertained usually find it hard to be happy day to day and are often skint.success
  43. Don’t build huge expectations in children. Telling them they’ll be a dentist or a great football player when they grow up, may upset them if they end up working nights in a factory – not that there’s anything wrong with this.
  44. For every person that says ‘never give up on your dreams’ there’s another 100 people that didn’t and never made it. Beware ‘survivor bias’
  45. Reward effort, not outcome
  46. Don’t personalise anything other than direct personal criticism. If someone is blunt, miserable etc, it’s generally nothing to do with you
  47. Imagine you’re 90 yrs old and you give your grandkids advice on life…e.g. “enjoy yourself, don’t worry and be kind”. The advice that you’re thinking of, is actually advice for yourself.
  48. Feedback is crucial when learning new skills – perfect practice makes perfect. Video yourself is required.
  49. Love imperfections for their quirks – they give things and people character
  50. Don’t eat in front of the TV – you will eat ‘mindlessly’ and not appreciate the food or even register it going in
  51. Growth mindset – never be afraid to learn new things – never say “I can’t do it”, you can’t do it yet.
  52. “Don’t outshine the master” pretend your life and your knowledge is slightly inferior to your boss’s
  53. Have a preference for how people behave, but not a demand. e,g. it’s nice if people say thank you, but don’t expect it
  54. Awkwardness – ‘move into it’, don’t be afraid of it – it can be used to manipulate you
  55. Meditate – meditation is all about not judging thoughts. Therefore it helps hugely if day to day you don’t judge people.
  56. You can Meditate doing any task – Be mindful when driving by constantly focusing on the road immediately ahead & bringing your thoughts back to the road, be mindful when walking by focusing on the sensations of touch and movement -such as the feeling of the wind on your face & the feeling of your feet pressing onto & driving off the floor, then be mindful of all the sounds you can hear
  57. Everyone started off a smiling baby, people are a product of their environment & genetics. Had Gandhi been born in Hull, he would have likely been a rugby player, not a spiritual leader. Remember this when trying not to judge others.
  58. Expect shit to happen & don’t be dramatic – The world and the universe is in perpetual chaos and gives zero fcuks about you. Just because you live in a comfy house and work a set rota, doesn’t mean random stuff and hassle won’t happen. Expect hassles like stuff breaking and just get on with fixing it.
  59. You are not your thoughts – You are your words & actions. Your ‘chimp brain’ will always be jealous & angry and want to be the alpha male, but your frontal lobe doesn’t have to act on it – use logic not emotion & don’t be dramatic

    Meditation – Usually not so dramatic
  60. Write down 3 good things which have happened each day
  61. Write down a negative thought, then write down 4 positives. e.g. work is boring – positives – I don’t have to work shifts, I don’t have to travel to a city centre, I don’t have to deal with angry customers, I work with nice people
  62. Find the positive in the negative whenever possible. e.g. I lost my job but have learnt massive amounts about careers & life that I can pass onto my children.
    see the Zen Farmer – bad luck can be good luck:
  63. Life is hard for everyone. Get on with it with a chuckle & less drama
  64. Never be unhappy or angry about your lot in life. Others will always have more.
  65. Change a negative inner narrative by listening to and repeating positive affirmations.
  66. It’s good to have rubbish employment at some stage in your life. You’ll appreciate a better job later in life eg. I don’t let boredom effect me, after working in a call centre getting verbally abused all day. Boredom is good.
  67. Sometimes you’ll do nothing wrong and get told off anyway. No dramas.
  68. Working for a small business – you’ll generally learn more but get worked harder than working for most bigger businesses.
  69. According to Jonathan Haidt, suffering can lead to happiness if you respond positively and adapt
  70. You Learn by Mistakes – but they don’t have to be yours – learn by reading.

    Learn to enjoy stuff that’s free
  71. Magnesium is a powerful muscle relaxant, great for headaches & sleep
  72. “All disease starts in the gut” Hippocrates. If you have an inflamed gut, you will struggle to feel good regardless of how much you read and meditate. The gut directly impacts the brain and mood. Have a read up on leaky gut and the FODMAP diet
  73. Happiness has a ripple effect
    “Capitalizing on the Happiness Advantage does more than solely benefit us. Research into social networks has shown that behavior is literally contagious, good or bad. Our attitudes and behaviors infect the people we work with directly, but also spread to the people they interact with. This is called the ripple effect” (p.201)
    The Happiness Advantage
  74. Peace begins with a smile
  75. Power corrupts virtually everyone, don’t be surprised or upset by greed etc, all large organisations appear to have at least an element of corruption too.
  76. Social intelligence & confidence is just as important as knowledge when it comes to your career
  77. Risk to Reward ratio – Only take high risks if the rewards are really high. Is it worth doing an exercise in the gym that might make you more powerful but could dislocate your shoulder if you get the technique slightly wrong?
  78. Have a Stop – Loss Formula – Set a limit so you never risk more than you can afford
  79. I wish someone had of explained banter to me earlier in life – possibly a British thing, whereby you exchange witty insults and the person who gets upset first is the loser
  80. Say “you’re right” instead of “I know” and you’ll appear much nicer.
  81. Resilience is related to flexibility. If you’re plans and ideals are flexible and ‘changeable’ then you will be more resilient than someone who is very fixed ideals and plans.
  82. Guy Ritchie said (to paraphrase) on the Joe Rogan Podcast – there’s 2 worlds, an inner one and an outer one. You don’t need the outer world to validate who you are or your worth.
marcus aurelius horse
Marcus gives a nonchalant wave from his horse
To summarise
  • Don’t take life or yourself too seriously and remember that having a sense of humour & being cheerful is always the best way to cope
  • Always pick out the positives. Bad luck often makes you appreciate specific things or people or often turns into good luck if handled correctly
  • Don’t be duped by the system, which wants you to compare yourself to others, feel negative and buy things
  • Learn something from everyone – people don’t have to be role models, they can also be hideous warnings
  • Don’t judge your thoughts or other people if you want to be mindful
  • Be nice & don’t insult people unnecessarily – they’ll hold a grudge for decades
  • Read
 self development
Tips to Avoid Early-Midlife Bitterness
  1. Don’t compare yourself to your friends or others
  2. Take complete ownership of your career – don’t blame others for decision that you made and ‘wrong turns’ that you took
  3. Don’t be judgemental. All the most miserable people I know, are constantly judging others (not that I’m judging them for judging).
  4.  Never be angry with your lot in life because someone had it easier or handed to them on a plate. Get on with what you have.
  5. Don’t sweat the small stuff don’t be offended by anything other than a serious threat, don’t have a nervy B if a household appliance breaks or your car gets scratched.
  6. Eat well and consider natural adaptogen


“Don’t just say you have read books. Show that through them you have learned to think better, to be a more discriminating and reflective person. Books are the training weights of the mind. They are very helpful, but it would be a bad mistake to suppose that one has made progress simply by having internalized their contents.” 

 Epictetus, The Art of Living 


If you’re interested  – you can listen/watch Ted Talks here or on youtube

My Dad snuffed it when I was a little kid, although it’s been a journey and a half sorting my head out and ‘getting on the path’ – I felt kinda lost for years – didn’t know how to deal with certain situations & people, was perplexed when my hard work in education didn’t pay off, had little social intelligence etc.

I see the same issues in other people who look lost, frustrated and disillusioned with the world; if I kick the bucket anytime soon, I hope my kids get to read this (and it helps them).


Correcting Hunched Shoulders From Working at Desk All Day


Quick post on this which I will update at a later date…


Take a muscle relaxant like Magnesium glycinate

All magnesium is good for relaxing tense muscles, but glycinate is the only form which won’t give you the trots in high doses.


Stretch your Chest

Band Exercises


Rear Delt Flyes

Perform slowly with a squeeze and hold at the top of the movement


Invest in a Foam Roller

Lacrosse or cricket balls are good too for getting into particularly tight spots.


Hip Flexor Stretches

If you have hunched shoulders, there is a good chance that you have tight hip flexors and a titled pelvis from sitting down all day.
Make sure to stretch your hip flexors every day!

Redirects – Check All URLs end with a slash

When doing redirects, for a new site –

sometimes, when you crawl the old/current site you will find a few rogue URLs that start with http: not https: and don’t end with a backslash.


If you’re doing a find and replace job, to create the destination URLs, this can mess with your final URLs.

Search “http:” to ensure, that if applicable, all the final URLs use the correct http protocol

Then use the formula below, to check the all end with a backslash